Virginia Invasive Species

Invasive Species Profiles


The following descriptions represent a diverse range of invasive organisms. The species included in this list meet one or more of the following criteria:

Keep Out! • Arrived! • Go Away!

Keep Out! Report discovery of this species immediately! Examples of invasive species not yet established in Virginia where prevention is the key strategy. These are sometimes referred to as "early detection" species. If found before becoming established in Virginia, these species would be targeted for eradication.

New! Early Detection Plant Species 

wavyleaf grass Wavyleaf Grass

giant salvinia Giant Salvinia

water hyacinth Water Hyacinth

Water Primrose Primrose Willow

water spinach Water Spinach

beach vitex Beach Vitex

cogon grass Cogon Grass

giant hogweed Giant Hogweed

tropical soda apple Tropical Soda Apple 


Early Detection Animal Species

spotted lanternfly Spotted Lanternfly


zebra mussel Zebra Mussel


Sirex Wood Wasp Sirex Wood Wasp


Rusty Crayfish Rusty Crayfish


Chinese Mitten Crab Chinese Mitten Crab


Early Detection Fungal Species

Sudden Oak Death Sudden Oak Death / Ramorum Blight


Arrived! These species have recently become established in Virginia

Emerald Ash Borer Emerald Ash Borer


Chinese Mitten Crab Northern Snakehead Fish


Go Away! Examples of species that are established in Virginia where control and management are the key strategies.

Tree of Heaven Tree-of-heaven


feral swine Feral Swine


Japanese Stilt Grass Japanese Stilt Grass


Rapa Whelk Rapa Whelk


Imported Fire Ant Imported Fire Ant


Phragmites Phragmites