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Virginia Invasive Species

Species Profiles


The following descriptions represent a diverse range of invasive organisms. The species included in this list meet one or more of the following criteria:

Keep Out! • Arrived! • Go Away!

Keep Out! Examples of invasive species not yet established in Virginia where prevention is the key strategy. These are sometimes referred to as "early detection" species. If found before becoming established in Virginia, these species would be targeted for eradication.

zebra mussel Zebra Mussel


Sirex Wood Wasp Sirex Wood Wasp


Rusty Crayfish Rusty Crayfish


Sudden Oak Death Sudden Oak Death / Ramorum Blight


Chinese Mitten Crab Chinese Mitten Crab


Arrived! These species have recently become established in Virginia.

wavyleaf Wavyleaf Grass


Emerald Ash Borer Emerald Ash Borer


Chinese Mitten Crab Northern Snakehead Fish


Go Away! Examples of species that are established in Virginia where control and management are the key strategies.

Tree of Heaven Tree-of-heaven


feral swine Feral Swine


Japanese Stilt Grass Japanese Stilt Grass


Rapa Whelk Rapa Whelk


Imported Fire Ant Imported Fire Ant


Phragmites Phragmites